Surviving and Thriving: Gender, Justice, Power, and Place Making

Surviving and Thriving:

Gender, Justice, Power, and Place Making

Rural Women’s Studies Association 13th Triennial Conference, May 16-19, 2018

The Rural Women’s Studies Association‘s 13th Triennial Conference is fast approaching.  It will be held May 16-19, 2018, with optional pre- and post-conference tours on May 16 and 20.  We hope that you will join us at Ohio University in Athens, Ohio, for this interdiciplinary gathering of scholars, activists, and others interested in rural women past and present.  To whet your appetite, we are posting the conference program here.


I-1. Black Feminism in the Rural South

A Forgotten Black Nation: Gender and Place Making in the Rural American South, 1945-1960

Beatrice J. Adams, Rutgers University

Writing in Black and White: The Box Project, Rural Black Women and New Narratives of the Black  Freedom Struggle in Mississippi, 1962 – 1968

Pamela Walker, Rutgers University

Black Power in Nacogdoches, Texas: The Activism of Helena Abdullah (formerly known as Helena Patton)

Jasmin C. Howard, Michigan State University

Dark Daughters of the South: The Proper Care and Feeding of Warrior Women

Carmen Lanos Williams, Arkansas State University

Chair: Valerie Grim, Indiana University



I-2. “New Woman”:  Rural Women, Work and Culture beyond the Farm

“Dear People”: The Letters and Poetry of Harriette Cushman–The U.S. Extension Service’s First Poultry Specialist

          Amy L. McKinney, Northwest College

Rural Spectacle in Three Comedies, 1890-1920 (Sis Hopkins, Old Homestead, & Blue Jeans)

Natasha Lueras, Indiana University-Bloomington

Progressive-Era Attempts to bring the “New Woman” Back to Rural Communities in New England: The Woman’s National Farm and Garden Association

         Anne L. Moore, University of Massachusetts Amherst

Refugee from the Plantation South: Marie Wilson’s Flight from Privilege to Notoriety

Jeannie Whayne, University of Arkansas

Chair: Mary A. Larson, Edmon Low Library, Oklahoma State University


I-3. Rural Women and Rural Wealth

Rural Women: Tools in Agricultural Production but Servants in Profit Sharing

Rufus A. Oluwafemi, University of Abuja, Nigeria

Mariam El-Yakub, Oxfam, Bauchi, Nigeria

Discussion of Rural Wealth Creation: Concepts, Strategies, and Measures (USDA Economic Research Report 131, released March 2012), available at: Attendees will discuss report contents, the ways that gender affects the report’s conclusions, and the role of rural women in rural wealth generation.

Facilitator: Debra A. Reid, The Henry Ford



II-1. Farm Women and Crisis, 1970s and 1980s

An Eye View of the Furrow during the Farm Crisis

      Debra A. Reid, The Henry Ford


Resourceful Nation Builders: Women, Co-operative Farming and Development Projects in Socialist Villages in 1970s Lindi, Tanzania

       Husseina Dinani, University of Toronto-Scarborough

Farm Women in Crisis Times: Rethinking Women’s Roles in the Iowa of the 1980s

       Pam Riney-Kehrberg, Iowa State University and President, Midwestern History Association

Chair: Steven Reschly, Truman State University



II-2.  Split Visions: Readings by Three West Virginia Women Writers

A Native West Virginian, Life-Long Resident, and Fiction Writer

     Natalie Sypolt, Pierpont Community & Technical College

A Ballet-Dancer, Non-Fiction Writer and North Dakota Transplant to West Virginia

      Renée Nicholson, Programs for Multi- and Interdisciplinary Studies at West Virginia University

A Poet, Translator, Lyricist, and Photographer

     Randi Ward, award-winning translator and founder of the Parkersburg Poetry Series

Facilitator: Tracey Hanshew, Washington State University—Tri-Cities


II-3   Geo-Spatial Analysis and Women Farmers

Geographic Analysis of Women Farm Operators in the United States

      Elisabeth Garner, Pennsylvania State University

Topsy, Polly, & the Tin Lizzie, 1880-1930: Women on the Move & Claiming Space in the County

     Pamela J. Snow Sweetser, University of Maine-Orono and educator, historian, fiber craftswoman, and wool grower

Spatio-Temporal Analysis in Seaweed Gathering and Marketing in Selected Coastal Areas in Ilocos Norte, Philippines

     Susan G. Aquino with Zenaida M. Agngarayngay, Mariano Marcos State University, City of Batac, Ilocos Norte, Philippines

Chair: Rebecca Montgomery, Texas State University



Plenary Roundtable: Grandmothers and Granddaughters of the RWSA: What Generation Gap?

For thirty years, the Rural Women’s Studies Association has introduced historians to vibrant and important questions about the experiences of rural women across the globe. Scholars in this field have challenged assumptions about the theory and history of gender, race, environment, politics, family, economics, and community. They have encouraged historians to confront their urban/ metro-normative gaze when confronting contradictions and continuities in rural spaces. These scholars have also offered exciting possibilities for area studies, interdisciplinary studies, and scholars of sexuality and queer theory. The “Granddaughters” seek to respond to the “Grandmothers” of RWSA, a generation of scholars whose pivotal work has provided the foundation for future scholarship. Each will note how the “Grandmothers” influenced their understandings of topics about rural women and offer commentary about the future of scholarship in the field.


Margaret Weber, Iowa State University

Kathryn Engle, University of Kentucky

Emily Prifogle, Princeton University

Sara Egge, Centre College

Facilitator, Jenny Barker-Devine, Illinois College

III-1 Rural Women as Others “Saw” Them

“Go to the Lands of Darkness”: The Migration of Single Women on the Illinois Frontier, 1820-1850

     Jenny Barker-Devine, Illinois College

Searching for Bell: Finding A Woman in a Man’s Diary

     Daniel Samson, Brock University, St Catharines, Ontario

 Chair: Catharine Wilson, University of Guelph, Ontario


III-2 “Born in the [Rural] USA”: Starting the Conversation about Rural Health

Discussion of evidence documenting reproductive experiences, i.e., Women’s Reproductive History Alliance (, co-directed by Jennifer Hill, Montana State University.

Discussion of two news reports on maternal health care in rural America. See Dana Fine Maron, “Maternal Health Care is Disappearing in Rural America,” Scientific American (15 February 2017) and Jilian Mincer, “More Hospital Closings in Rural America add Risk for Pregnant Women,” Reuters (18 July 2017).

Audience Discussion—Facilitator: Debra A. Reid, The Henry Ford


III-3  Rural Action, Inc.: Local Non-Profit Organization Dedicated to Revitalizing Appalachian Ohio

Rural Action (RA) was founded in 1992 as an organization focused on using the strategies of Asset Based Community Development to address the endemic issues of poverty and lack of opportunity in Appalachian Ohio. Rural Action utilizes a triple bottom line strategy in its programming—“Good for the Economy, The Community and the Environment”. One key partner of RA is Women Grow Ohio (WGO), a network of Women in Agriculture started by long time RA member Annie Warmke of Blue Rock Station in Muskingum County. Women Grow Ohio organizes women to women trainings and networks focused on the concept of the woman as the farmer, not the helpmate. They are a volunteer based group whose goals are Networking, Peer to Peer Education, Promotion and Sustainability. Their mission is to demonstrate the important work of Ohio women in feeding their families and others in our great state.  RA staff and members of Women Grow Ohio will discuss their efforts to support women in agriculture.

Susi Acord, Andrea Reany, Katelyn Eilbeck, and Tom Redfern, Rural Action



Evening program: Sue Massek of the Reel World String Band (Kentucky’s feminist hillbilly band) and her

performance, “Appalachian Women, A Herstory of Oppression and Resistance.”


Friday, 18 May 2018                                                                                                                     

7:30 am – Registration opens – Living Learning Center (LLC), Ohio University


Before 8:30 am Breakfast (based on the meal option you select)


8:30 to 10:00 am – CONCURRENT SESSION IV


IV-1 Rural Women’s Activism through Oppression

Rural Women’s Activism: The Powerful Impact of the Resolutions and Campaigns of the National Federation of Women’s Institutes of England, Wales, and the Islands

     Margaret Thomas-Evans, Indiana University East

Farm Institutes and Rural Women: The Case of Rural New York State, 1900-1940s

     Mary Ellen Zuckerman, State University of New York- Brockport

Reformers in the Backwater: The Housekeepers Club of Coconut Grove, 1891-1957

     Maureen S. Thompson, Florida International University

Strengthening the Status of Farm Women in Farming in India: The Changing Role of Institutions

Chandan Kumar Panda and Siya Ram Singh, Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour,        Bhagalpur, India

Chair: Cherisse R. Jones-Branch, Arkansas State University


IV-2 Panel Discussion: Researching Rural Women–Sources, Libraries, Scholarship, and Material Culture

Three experts will share their knowledge of primary and secondary sources. This addresses RWSA’s goal to “promote and advance farm and rural women’s/gender studies in a historical perspective by encouraging research, [and] promoting scholarship.”

Tips and Tricks to Finding Records in Archives and Special Collections

    Anne L. Moore, University of Massachusetts Amherst

Identifying a 3-D Object in a 2-D Source

    Debra A. Reid, The Henry Ford

Using Library Finding Aids (library catalogs, databases, citation analysis, and text mining) to Find Primary and Secondary Sources Related to Rural Women

    Sara Morris, University of Kansas

Audience DiscussionFacilitator: Sara Morris, University of Kansas


 IV-3 Rural Femininity on Display

Ontario Dairy Princesses and the Cultural Identity of Women in Dairy Farming
in the Postwar Period

     Jodey Nurse-Gupta, University of Waterloo; University of Guelph

“Country Girls Are Whisky in a Teacup”: Crafting Rural Femininities and Building Online Community in the Contemporary U.S. Fashion Marketplace

     Holly M. Kent, University of Illinois-Springfield

Stomp, Stomp! Shake, Shake!: Cheerleaders, Dancers, Steppers and Majorettes — Black Girls, Movement and Embodiments of Femininity

     Dani Williams-Jones, University of California, Los Angeles

Conservative Commemoration and Progressive Protest in the Culture Wars (1975-1995)

     Cynthia Culver Prescott, University of North Dakota

Chair: Catharine Wilson, University of Guelph, Ontario



V-1 Rural Feminism

Plotting Resistance: Rural Suffrage, the Petition and Empire in Manitoba

     Roland Sawatzky, Curator of History, The Manitoba Museum, Winnipeg

Negotiating Political Difference and Feminism in Rural North Dakota

     Ashlee Moser, Brandeis University

The Rural Roots of Feminism in Higher Education

      Kelly C. Sartorius, University of Kansas, Lawrence

Heritage Feminism: Exploring New Approaches to Heritage Studies in Nigeria

      Elochukwu Nwankwo, University of Nigeria, Nsukka

Chair: Amy L. McKinney, Northwest College



V-2 Women Procuring Food and Preparing Food in Rural America

Killing in the Name: Family, Food, and Power in the American Midwest

     Sara Egge, Centre College, Danville, Kentucky

“Woman’s Province”: Maine Women Creating Identity in the Kitchen

      Rachel Snell, University of Maine-Orono

Women, Energy and Environment: The Case of Rural Canada, 1880-1950

     Ruth Sandwell, University of Toronto

Chair: Jodey Nurse-Gupta, University of Waterloo; University of Guelph, Ontario


V-3 Women and Rural Business Strategies

Impact of Safety Net Program on Women Headed Household: Climate Change Adaptation vs Poverty Reduction Strategies in Northern Ethiopia

     Abadi Teklehaimanot, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia

The Consequences of the History of Gender Inequity for Rural Family Business Succession Planning

     Diane McKenzie, University of Lethbridge, Alberta

Impact of Microcredit on Tunisian Women Empowerment: Evidence in Priority Regions

     Lamia Mokaddem, University of Tunis El Manar

     in absentia – Henda Kharoub, University of Tunis El Manar

Chair: Margaret Thomas-Evans, Indiana University East


Plenary: Chief Glenna Wallace, Eastern Shawnee Nation

Glenna Wallace is an educator and the first woman to be elected Chief of the Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma. Following the Indian Removal Act of 1830, the U.S. government forced the Shawnee to leave their Ohio Valley home for reservations in Oklahoma and Kansas. In speaking about the relationship between the Shawnee and Ohio, Chief Glenna notes: “We are still here in a certain way. We are here in our hearts.”



VI-1 – Rural Women and Organizational Activism within and beyond Borders

Presenting Production and Performing Plenty: Auxiliary Advocacy as a Gendered Performance Discourse after World War II

     Rebecca Shimoni Stoil, Johns Hopkins University

Gendering the Global Political Order: American Farm Women and Transnational Rural Women’s Organizations, 1939-1960

Nancy Berlage, Texas State University, San Marcos

Feminist Popular Education for Social Change in Kenya: Preserving Indigenous Knowledge Systems

      Catherine Cutcher, Ohio University

Multi-Dimensional Stakeholders’ Partnership: The Gender Transformative (GTM) Model in SDG Implementation

     Olubunmi Ashimolowo, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria, and Gender Development Initiative

Chair: Cherisse R. Jones-Branch, Arkansas State University


VI-2  Road Trips, Religion, and Rituals: Gendered Practices and Performances of     Pentecostals, Amish, and Agribusiness

Road Trips and Religion: Gender and Ritual in Pentecostal Camp Meetings, 1940-1960

     Linda Ambrose, Laurentian University

Preparing the Celebrations and Ceremonies: Amish Women’s Religious and Family Rituals in the 1930s

     Katherine Jellison, Ohio University

All Cooped Up: Gender and Agribusiness in Postwar America

     Margaret Weber, Iowa State University

Chair: Beth E. Graybill, Millersville University


VI-3 “Sowing the Seeds of Love”: Promoting Transgender Inclusivity and Visibility in Policies and Training Programs in the Heartland

An LGBTQ archive at the Civil Rights Heritage Center in South Bend, Indiana: A TREES, Inc. Resource

     Jamie Wagman, Saint Mary’s College, South Bend, Indiana

TREES, Inc.: Transgender Education for Small Town and Rural America

     Meghan Buell, Founder of TREES (Transgender Resource, Education and Enrichment Services)

Developing an Educational Presentation for TREES about Violence Prevention and Support Services

     Jordan Lolmaugh, St. Mary’s College

Reviewing and Revising USDA Employment Policies and Procedures to Ensure Inclusivity and Provide Best Practices for TREES, Inc., Training of Federal and State Agricultural Employees

      Alex Shambery, St. Mary’s College

Chair: Mary A. Larson, Edmon Low Library, Oklahoma State University



VII-1  Stories

Looking Forward, Looking Back: Evolving Personal Views of the Dust Bowl

     Mary A. Larson, Edmon Low Library, Oklahoma State University

Does Oral History Affect the Life Satisfaction of Older African American Women?

     Patricia A. Wilkerson, Arkansas State University

Ten Ladies of the Deep South: Stories of Triumph by the Community of African American Women of Sheeplo, Mississippi

     Joseph Cates, Sullivan Museum & History Center, Norwich University

Old Indigent Women in Contemporary Nigerian Mythic Consciousness: Nollywood’s Witchery and Implications for Rural Women

     Stephen Temitope David, Stellenbosch University, South Africa

Victim Blaming: Deconstructing Rape Culture in Rural Communities of Southwest Nigeria

Phebean A. Adekunle, Oregon State University

Chair: Tracey Hanshew, Washington State University—TriCities


VII-2 Panel Discussion: Culture, Indigenous Women and Indigenous Development in South African Communities

 Presenters will identify and contextualize key issues, concerns and trends affecting the livelihood of   women in rural locations and larger communities in South Africa, with an emphasis on the ways that    uneducated women contribute to the community positively as entrepreneurs and as preservers of cultural heritage. Presenters will address: 1) How do cultural practices, beliefs and values shape livelihood;  2)  Empowerment and women-inherited livelihood; 3) Women’s livelihood in colonial and post-colonial era


Nokwanda Yoliswa Nzuza, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

Adetola Elizabeth Oyewo, Brainstorm Travel Consult, PTY, Durban, and University of     KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

Gbadebo Gbemisola, Independent Researcher and Brainstorm Travel Consult, PTY, Durban, South Africa

Chair and Facilitator: Samuel Uwem Umoh, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa


VII-3 Panel Discussion: Appalachian Feminisms & Rurality–Place, Place Making, and Praxis

This panel builds on previous sessions at Appalachian Studies Association (ASA) conferences exploring the concept of “Appalachian Feminism(s).” Presenters will examine gender and place through place-based theorizing, organizing, and activism in Appalachia. Our respective experiences and scholarship consider material, performative, and symbolic aspects of Appalachian Feminism(s). We represent an intergenerational mix of academic, community, and activist perspectives who have benefitted from Sally Maggard’s foundational articles on Appalachian gender and women’s studies and analyses of Appalachian women’s resistance.


Sally Maggard, West Virginia University          Tammy Clemons, University of Kentucky

Zada Komara, University of Kentucky             Jordan Laney, Virginia Tech

Convener: Kathryn Engle, University of Kentucky




VIII-1 Women, Land, and the State: Perspectives from Scandinavian History

Inheriting Daughters, Undivided Farms, and Common Fields in Upper Dalarna, Sweden, 1730–1930

     Grey Osterud, Independent Historian, USA

Harvest Failure, Farm Indebtedness and Foreclosure, Gendered and Generational Dissent, and Emigration from Torstuna, Sweden, to Bishops Hill, Illinois, in the Mid-Nineteenth Century

      Iréne A. Flygare, Stiftelsen Upplandsmuseet, Uppsala, Sweden

      Marja Erikson, Uppsala University, Sweden

Women’s Homesteading and Land Purchase on Indian Reservations on the Northern Great Plains, 1887-1934

     Karen V. Hansen and Samantha Leonard, Brandeis University

Agrarian Women and the Construction of the Two-Breadwinner Welfare State in Interwar Sweden

      Lena Sommestad, Governor, Province of Halland, Sweden

Chair: Debra A. Reid, The Henry Ford


VIII-2 Rural Women and Their Work

 Yoruba Heritage, Identity and Emblem in the Adire (indigo-dyed) Textile Industry in Nigeria: Case of Women Entrepreneurs in Kemta Market, Abeokuta

     Adetola Elizabeth Oyewo, Brainstorm Travel Consult, PTY, Durban, and University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

     Gbadebo Gbemisola, Independent Researcher and Brainstorm Travel Consult, PTY, Durban, South Africa

Indigenous Communities, Livelihood and Annang Women of Nigeria: Livelihood based in the Raffia Hookeri and Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis)

      Samuel Uwem Umoh and Nokwanda Yoliswa Nzuza University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

Questioning the Gendered Nature of Women’s Work:  A study of North Eastern Region of India

     Bornali Borah, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India

Chair: Margaret Thomas-Evans, Indiana University East


VIII-3 Roundtable: Creating Dawn Jewell, Appalachian Woman and Narrator of       Trampoline

Robert Gipe, author of Trampoline: An Illustrated Novel, and students in the Appalachian Program at Southeast Kentucky Community and Technical College (SEKCTC) will discuss their collaborative writing projects, including the students’ influence on Trampoline: An Illustrated Novel that features Appalachian woman Dawn Jewell. Robert Gipe also is a producer of the Higher Ground community performances in Harlan County, Kentucky, and the session will also address the collaboration of Robert and SEKCTC students on a play in progress about Appalachian women.

Chair & Facilitator: Rachel Terman, Ohio University


PLENARY Nikki Taylor, Driven toward Madness (Ohio University Press, 2016)

          Introduction by Terri L. Snyder, California State University – Fullerton

Nikki Taylor is Professor of History and Department Chair at Howard University. Professor Taylor’s third book, Driven Toward Madness: The Fugitive Slave Margaret Garner and Tragedy on the Ohio (Ohio University Press, 2016), is a biography of Margaret Garner, an enslaved wife and mother who in 1856 escaped from slavery in northern Kentucky with her entire family. Garner’s reaction to her family’s recapture served as the inspiration for Toni Morrison’s classic novel Beloved.



IX-1 Discussion Forum: Sharing Strategies for Creative Approaches to Community       Development & Place Making

How do we turn buildings, roads and geographic features into vibrant places that nurture and support human collectivities? How do we build community through engaging with others and with our unique environments? This discussion forum provides a space for conference attendees to share their personal        and local approaches to place-making. Forum hosts are especially interested in hearing from participants about context-specific strategies for:

Developing and implementing community improvement or preservation projects

Sustaining community engagement over time

Making the work inclusive of different kinds of people

After mapping the opportunities and challenges we have in common, we will facilitate a discussion of next steps in place-based community revitalization that attends particularly to the things that make life beautiful.


Discussion Forum Participants:

Barbara Bradbury, Hurricane Run Farm, a host WWOOF farm (World Wide Opportunities on Organic Farms) in southern Ohio; Shawnee State University

Katherine Borland, Center for Folklore Studies, The Ohio State University

Coordinator and Facilitator: Cassie Patterson, Center for Folklore Studies and the Folkore Archives, The Ohio State University


IX-2 Rural Women and Their Places

Race, Place, and the Biographical Turn: Priscilla Baltimore and Brooklyn, Illinois

     Sharon E. Wood, University of Nebraska at Omaha

USCT Women and Community in the Post-Civil War Era

     Kelly Jones, Austin Peay State University

“Until the Lord Come Get Me, It Burn Down, or the Next Storm Blow it Away”: Principles of Place Preservation in Deep East Texas’ African American Vernacular Landscapes

     Andrea Roberts, Texas A &M University

Women at the Center and on the Edges of Ontario’s Reciprocal Work Bees, 1860-1920

     Catharine Wilson, University of Guelph

Chair, Terri L. Snyder, California State University – Fullerton


IX-3 Panel Discussion: Rethinking and Remaking Place as Resistance

This facilitated, participatory session will address rural women’s experiences of cultural and institutional hegemony. We seek to demystify the operation of hegemony, to know it when we observe or experience it, and to develop and implement strategies of resistance. We will highlight current efforts to decolonize rural spaces by reclaiming/remaking/revaluing local culture, prioritizing the commons, and safe-guarding the common good. We situate efforts in an evolving ecofeminism that connects, both ideologically and structurally, the renewed and virulent patriarchal assault on women and the environment.


Angie Carter, Michigan Technological University

Rebecca Lampman, Rural activist who writes regularly for farm publications about her commitment to the caring practice of agriculture

Betty Wells, Iowa State University

Chair: Jenny Barker-Devine, Illinois College



X-1 Rural Women Educators

Anna M. P. Strong: A Rural Arkansas Educational Activist, 1884-1966

     Cherisse R. Jones-Branch, Arkansas State University

The Wyoming Years of Schoolmarm, Superintendent, and Homesteader Edith K.O. Clark

     Ginny Kilander, University of Wyoming

Margery Burns is Tilting at Windmills: Rural Schools in a Modern America

     Emily Prifogle, Princeton University

Chair: Amy L. McKinney, Northwest College


X-2 Rural Health Care

“Everything that Could be Done for Negroes Was Done”: Juliette Derricotte, Nina Johnson, and the Violence of Jim Crow Medicine

     Yulonda Eadie Sano, Alcorn State University

“If you go to her home you know where she is coming from”: An Oral History of the Rural Birth Control Movement in Maine, 1967 to 1983

     Mazie Hough, University of Maine-Orono

Exploring Hispanic Health Paradox among Women in Texas Colonias

     Sheren G. Sanders, Alcorn State University

Chair and Facilitator: Joan Jensen, New Mexico State University



X-3 Roundtable Discussion: Organizing Rural Women in Today’s Political Climate

Rural women have long engaged in politics. Women in northwestern Missouri invited Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton to speak for women’s suffrage.  More recently, Black women in the South worked with little recognition to mobilize rural residents in the push for civil rights. Barbara Pini, Berit Brandth, and Jo Little’s Feminism and Ruralities (2015) and Jenny Barker-Devine’s On Behalf of the Family Farm (2013) examine the push made by other rural women, with a focus on the way they organized and what they fought for.  Recently, renewed political urgency has led many women from behind their computer screens and away from the relative safety and anonymity of Facebook activism to real-world contentious, and loud public activism.


Rural Women and Politicized Social Movements

     Jamie Campbell, Tulane University

Comparison of Historic Activism and Current Rural Women’s Political Motivation, Issues, Tactics, Challenges, Accomplishments, and Failures

     Carol S. Palmer, Canby, Oregon

Mobilizing Democrats in Missouri and Texas: The challenges of Liberal Organizing in Rural,   Conservative America

     Elyssa B. Ford, Northwest Missouri State University, Maryville; and

     Kelly McMichael, American Public University

Chair and Facilitator: Elyssa B. Ford, Northwest Missouri State University


Women of Appalachia Spoken Word and Music Artists


Kari Gunter-Seymour (Ohio) Poetry         Tonja Matney Reynolds (Ohio) Story

Becky Code (Ohio) Story                               Lisa M. Pursley (West Virginia) Poetry

Rose M. Smith (Ohio) Poetry                       Renee Stewart (Ohio) Song

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